Halesia carolina is a deciduous tree species that is commonly known as the Carolina silverbell tree. It is native to the southeastern United States, including the Appalachian Mountains and the Piedmont region.
The Carolina silverbell typically grows to a height of 30 to 40 feet (9 to 12 meters) with a spread of 20 to 30 feet (6 to 9 meters). The tree has a dense, pyramidal or oval crown, with smooth gray bark when young, which eventually develops into a more textured appearance with age.
The leaves of Halesia carolina are simple, alternate, and ovate to elliptic in shape, measuring 3 to 6 inches (7.6 to 15.2 cm) long and 2 to 4 inches (5.1 to 10.2 cm) wide. The leaves are dark green on top and lighter green underneath.
One of the most striking features of the Carolina silverbell is its bell-shaped flowers, which appear in the spring. The flowers are white or pale pink, 1 inch (2.5 cm) long, and hang in clusters of 2 to 5. The tree's fruit is a dry, woody capsule that contains 4 to 6 seeds.
The Carolina silverbell tree prefers moist, well-drained soils and can tolerate partial shade. It is often used as an ornamental tree in gardens and landscapes due to its attractive flowers and foliage. It is also a popular choice for bonsai enthusiasts.
The tree has no major pest or disease problems, and it is generally easy to care for. However, it may require occasional pruning to maintain its shape and remove dead or damaged branches.