Switzerland has strict customs and quality norms for its wood trade industry. Some of these norms include:
- Swiss Wood Charter: This charter defines the quality standards for Swiss wood and ensures that only sustainably sourced and processed wood is traded in the country.
- Swiss Timber Regulation: This regulation requires that all imported timber must comply with Swiss quality standards and be certified by recognized third-party certification schemes, such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) or the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC).
- Swiss Wood Testing: The Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research (WSL) tests the quality of Swiss wood to ensure that it meets the required standards.
- Swiss Timber Grading: Swiss timber grading is based on the strength and quality of the wood. The grading is done by certified experts who use standardized grading rules to ensure consistency.
- Swiss Wood Certification: Swiss wood can be certified by recognized certification schemes such as the Swiss Association for Quality and
Management Systems (SQS) or the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN).
6 . Swiss Wood Traceability: Swiss wood must be traceable from the forest to the consumer. This ensures that the wood has been legally sourced and processed, and that it meets the required quality standards.
Overall, these customs and quality norms help to ensure that the Swiss wood trade industry operates sustainably, responsibly, and in compliance with local and international regulations.