Cneorum tricoccon is a plant species in the family Cneoraceae, commonly known as the Spiny Broom or Mediterranean Buckthorn. It is native to the western and central Mediterranean region, including Portugal, Spain, France, Italy, Greece, and Turkey.
This evergreen shrub typically grows to a height of 1-2 meters, with spiny branches and small, leathery leaves that are green above and gray-green below. The flowers are small, white or pinkish, and appear in late spring to early summer. The fruit is a small, reddish-brown drupe that contains three seeds.
Cneorum tricoccon is valued as an ornamental plant for its attractive foliage and showy flowers. It is also used in traditional medicine for a variety of ailments, including respiratory problems, skin disorders, and fever.
In addition, Cneorum tricoccon has been studied for its chemical composition and potential pharmaceutical properties. Extracts from the plant have been found to possess anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antimicrobial activities, among others. However, further research is needed to fully understand its medicinal potential and safety.