Chinese sweetshrub - Sinocalycanthus chinensis

Sinocalycanthus chinensis, also known as Chinese sweetshrub or Chinese wax shrub, is a species of flowering plant in the Calycanthaceae family. It is native to China and is cultivated in other parts of Asia, as well as in Europe and North America, for its ornamental value.

The Chinese sweetshrub is a deciduous shrub that grows to a height of 2-3 meters. It has dark green, oval-shaped leaves that measure 5-15 centimeters in length. The flowers are fragrant, dark red or burgundy in color, and measure 3-4 centimeters in diameter. They bloom in late spring to early summer.

The plant prefers well-drained soil and partial shade to full sun. It is tolerant of drought and pollution and can be grown in a variety of soils. Propagation is through stem cuttings or layering.

In traditional Chinese medicine, the bark and roots of the Chinese sweetshrub are used for various medicinal purposes. However, the plant contains alkaloids that can be toxic if consumed in large quantities, and caution should be taken when using it for medicinal purposes.

Overall, Sinocalycanthus chinensis is a beautiful and hardy plant that adds fragrance and color to gardens and landscapes.