Ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa) is a species of pine tree that is native to western North America, ranging from Canada to Mexico. It is a large coniferous tree that can grow up to 60-130 feet tall and has a trunk diameter of 3-4 feet. The bark of the tree is thick, dark brown or blackish, and has deep furrows and ridges.
The needles of ponderosa pine grow in bundles of three and are 5-10 inches long. They are dark green in color and have sharp tips. The cones of the tree are oval-shaped and can reach a length of 3-6 inches. They are brown in color and have sharp, pointed scales.
Ponderosa pine is an important tree species in many ecosystems of western North America, providing habitat and food for many species of wildlife. It is also valued for its timber, which is used for a variety of purposes including construction, furniture, and pulp production. In addition, the tree is used for erosion control, watershed protection, and as a landscaping plant.