Jasminum officinale, also known as common jasmine or poet's jasmine, is a species of flowering plant in the Oleaceae family. It is a deciduous or semi-evergreen climbing shrub that can grow up to 10 meters (33 feet) in height if left unchecked. The plant is native to South Asia and is widely cultivated for its fragrant white flowers.
The leaves of Jasminum officinale are pinnate, with 5-11 leaflets, and are dark green in color. The flowers are star-shaped, with five or six petals, and are highly fragrant. They bloom in summer and early autumn, and are white or sometimes pink in color. The plant is pollinated by insects, such as bees and butterflies.
Jasminum officinale is commonly used in perfumes, cosmetics, and aromatherapy due to its pleasant fragrance. The plant is also used in traditional medicine for a variety of purposes, such as to treat headaches, insomnia, and anxiety. Additionally, the plant has been used as an aphrodisiac.
Jasminum officinale is a relatively easy plant to grow, and can be grown in a range of soils and conditions. It prefers full sun or partial shade and well-drained soil. The plant can be propagated by taking cuttings from mature stems or by layering. It is often grown on trellises or fences to support its climbing habit.