The timber trade statistics refer to the data and information related to the buying and selling of timber and forest products. These statistics are used to track the production, consumption, import, and export of timber and wood products globally. Here are some key facts and figures related to timber trade statistics:
- Global timber trade: According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the global trade of forest products was valued at $267 billion in 2019.
- Top timber producers: The top timber producers in the world are the United States, Canada, Russia, Brazil, and China.
- Top timber importers: The top timber importers in the world are China, the United States, Japan, Germany, and the United Kingdom.
- Top timber exporters: The top timber exporters in the world are Russia, Canada, the United States, Sweden, and Finland.
- Timber products: The most traded timber products include sawn wood, wood pulp, paper, and paperboard.
- Illegal logging: Illegal logging is a major issue in the timber trade. It is estimated that 15-30% of global wood trade is from illegal logging, which contributes to deforestation, loss of biodiversity, and social conflicts.
- Sustainable forestry: Sustainable forestry practices are becoming increasingly important in the timber trade.
Organizations such as the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) and the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) promote sustainable forestry practices and provide certification for sustainably produced timber.
- COVID-19 impact: The COVID-19 pandemic had a significant impact on the timber trade, with disruptions in supply chains, reduced demand, and logistical challenges affecting the industry.