Crataegus monogyna, commonly known as the common hawthorn, is a small tree or shrub that is native to Europe, North Africa, and Western Asia. It belongs to the family Rosaceae and is also known as the one-seed hawthorn or single-seed hawthorn.
The common hawthorn grows up to 5-15 meters tall, with a dense crown of thorny branches. Its leaves are small, lobed, and shiny, and its flowers are white, pink or red and grow in clusters. The fruit is a small, red or black berry, which is edible but not particularly palatable.
The common hawthorn is widely cultivated as an ornamental tree and is also used in traditional medicine for a variety of purposes. Its berries and leaves have been used to treat heart and circulatory disorders, as well as digestive and respiratory problems. The plant has also been used as a sedative and to relieve anxiety.
In addition to its medicinal uses, the common hawthorn is also an important source of food and habitat for wildlife. Its dense, thorny branches provide shelter and nesting sites for birds, and its berries are eaten by a variety of animals, including deer, squirrels, and foxes.
Overall, Crataegus monogyna is a versatile plant with many uses and benefits.