Cotinus coggygria, also known as the smoke tree or smoke bush, is a deciduous shrub or small tree that belongs to the Anacardiaceae family. It is native to southern Europe, central China, and the Himalayas.
The plant gets its common name from its inflorescences, which are feathery and resemble puffs of smoke. These inflorescences, which appear in early summer, are typically pink or purple in color, but can also be yellow or greenish-white.
The leaves of Cotinus coggygria are oval or obovate and have a slightly hairy surface. In autumn, they turn various shades of red, orange, and yellow before falling off.
Cotinus coggygria is a hardy plant that can tolerate a range of soil types and conditions. It prefers full sun to partial shade and can grow to a height of up to 15 feet (4.5 meters). The plant is often used as an ornamental shrub or small tree in gardens and parks, where it adds color and interest to the landscape.
In addition to its ornamental value, Cotinus coggygria has several medicinal properties. The plant contains compounds that have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antimicrobial effects. It has been used in traditional medicine to treat a variety of ailments, including respiratory and digestive disorders, skin conditions, and fever. However, more research is needed to determine the safety and effectiveness of Cotinus coggygria for these purposes.