Cercidiphyllum japonicum, commonly known as Katsura tree, is a deciduous tree that is native to Japan and China. It belongs to the Cercidiphyllaceae family and can grow up to 50 feet (15 meters) tall with a spread of about 30 feet (9 meters).
The leaves of the Katsura tree are heart-shaped and can be up to 4 inches (10 cm) long. They emerge in spring with a reddish-purple color, turn green during the summer, and then turn yellow, orange, or red in the fall, providing a beautiful display of fall color.
In the early spring, the Katsura tree produces small, inconspicuous flowers that are red or purple in color. The flowers are followed by small, pea-sized fruits that are brown and dry.
Katsura trees are known for their pleasant, sweet fragrance, which is often described as resembling cotton candy or caramel. The fragrance is most noticeable in the fall when the leaves begin to change color and drop.
Katsura trees are popular ornamental trees in gardens and parks because of their beautiful foliage, fall color, and fragrance. They prefer moist, well-drained soils and partial shade, although they can tolerate full sun in cooler climates. They are also relatively low maintenance and have few pest or disease problems.