Information about Ceratonia siliqua

Ceratonia siliqua, commonly known as carob tree or St. John's bread, is a flowering evergreen tree native to the Mediterranean region, including parts of Western Asia and North Africa. It belongs to the Fabaceae family, which includes leguminous plants such as peas, beans, and lentils.

The carob tree typically grows up to 15 meters tall and has a dense, spreading crown with shiny, dark green leaves. The tree produces small, fragrant flowers that are pollinated by insects. The fruit of the carob tree is a long, leathery pod, which is typically 10-30 cm in length and contains several seeds.

The carob pod is rich in natural sugars, and its pulp is often used as a substitute for chocolate or cocoa powder. The seeds of the carob tree are also used in various industries, including food, cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals.

Carob has been used for centuries as a food and medicine, with various health benefits attributed to its consumption. It is a rich source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals, and has been shown to have antioxidant properties. Carob is also believed to have anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects, and may help regulate blood sugar levels.

Overall, Ceratonia siliqua is an important tree species in the Mediterranean region, with both cultural and economic significance.