Buxus sempervirens, commonly known as common boxwood or European boxwood, is a species of evergreen shrub or small tree native to Europe, North Africa, and western Asia. It belongs to the Buxaceae family and is widely cultivated in gardens and as a hedging plant.
The plant has small, glossy, dark green leaves that are oval or lance-shaped and grow opposite each other on the stem. It has a compact, slow-growing habit and can reach a height of up to 5 meters (16 feet) tall but is more commonly used as a low hedge or topiary.
Buxus sempervirens is tolerant of pruning and shaping and is commonly used in formal gardens and landscapes for its ability to create defined shapes and hedges. It is also valued for its ornamental value, as well as its ability to tolerate shade, pollution, and dry conditions.
While Buxus sempervirens is a hardy plant, it can be susceptible to pests and diseases such as box blight, boxwood leafminer, and boxwood mite. Careful monitoring and proper management are necessary to maintain the health of the plant.