Betula dahurica is a species of birch tree native to northeastern Asia, including parts of China, Russia, Japan, and North Korea. It is commonly known as the Dahurian birch or the white birch.
This deciduous tree can grow up to 30 meters tall and has a slender trunk with white bark that peels off in thin sheets. The leaves are triangular in shape, with a pointed tip and serrated edges, and are usually around 6-10 cm long. In the fall, the leaves turn a bright yellow color before falling off the tree.
Betula dahurica is often cultivated as an ornamental tree in parks and gardens due to its attractive white bark and yellow fall foliage. The wood of the tree is also used for a variety of purposes, including furniture, flooring, and paper production.
In traditional medicine, various parts of the Betula dahurica tree are used to treat a range of ailments, such as respiratory infections, fever, and rheumatism. Research has shown that the tree contains bioactive compounds with potential medicinal properties, such as betulin, which has been found to have anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor effects.