Betula alleghaniensis, also known as yellow birch, is a species of birch tree native to eastern North America, from Newfoundland to Georgia, and west to Kentucky and Ohio. It grows in a variety of habitats, including forests, swamps, and riverbanks, and can reach heights of up to 100 feet (30 meters).
The bark of Betula alleghaniensis is yellowish-bronze, with distinctive horizontal lenticels (small raised pores). The leaves are alternate, simple, and ovate, with a pointed tip and a serrated edge. They are dark green in summer, turning yellow in the fall. The tree produces male and female catkins in the spring, with the female catkins developing into cone-like structures that contain small winged nutlets.
Betula alleghaniensis is a valuable timber tree, with a hard, strong, and durable wood that is used for furniture, flooring, and tool handles. The tree also has a variety of traditional medicinal uses, including as a natural pain reliever and as a treatment for skin conditions.
In addition to its practical uses, Betula alleghaniensis is also valued for its aesthetic qualities. Its bark is often used for decorative purposes, and the tree is popular in landscaping and horticulture for its attractive foliage and graceful form.