Information about Amelanchier arborea

Amelanchier arborea, also known as the downy serviceberry or the shadbush, is a species of deciduous tree or shrub in the Rosaceae family. It is native to eastern North America, ranging from Canada to the eastern United States.

Here are some key facts about Amelanchier arborea:

  • Description: Amelanchier arborea can grow up to 20 meters tall, but it is usually a smaller tree or shrub. It has a spreading, irregular crown and smooth gray bark. The leaves are oval-shaped, about 5-10 cm long, with a toothed edge and a pointed tip. In the spring, the tree produces clusters of white flowers that are about 2-4 cm in diameter. These are followed by small, edible berries that ripen in the summer and turn from green to red to dark purple.
  • Habitat: Amelanchier arborea grows in a variety of habitats, including woodlands, forests, savannas, and stream banks. It prefers moist, well-drained soils and full to partial sunlight.
  • Uses: The fruit of Amelanchier arborea is edible and can be used in pies, jams, and other desserts. It is also eaten by a variety of wildlife, including birds and mammals. The wood of the tree is hard and strong and has been used for tool handles, furniture, and other wood products. The tree is also used as an ornamental plant in landscaping.
  • Cultural significance: Amelanchier arborea has a long history of use by Native American tribes, who used the fruit for food and the wood for making tools and other objects. The tree is also associated with several cultural traditions, such as the emergence of the 17-year cicadas, which is marked by the blooming of the shadbush.
  • Conservation status: Amelanchier arborea is not currently listed as threatened or endangered, but it may be impacted by habitat loss and fragmentation, as well as invasive species. Some states have listed the species as a special concern or as a species of conservation interest.