Abies koreana, commonly known as Korean fir, is a species of evergreen tree in the Pinaceae family, native to the high elevations of South Korea. It is a slow-growing conifer that typically reaches heights of 30 to 50 feet (9 to 15 meters) with a spread of 20 to 30 feet (6 to 9 meters) at maturity.
The tree has a conical shape and a dense growth habit. Its needles are short, measuring only about 0.5 to 1 inch (1 to 2.5 cm) in length, and are dark green in color. The bark is smooth and gray-brown in color, and it tends to have a flaky texture.
Abies koreana produces cones that are cylindrical in shape, measuring up to 4 inches (10 cm) long. The cones are green when young and turn brown as they mature. They often remain on the tree for several years.
This species is prized for its ornamental value and is often used in landscaping and as a specimen tree. It prefers moist, well-drained soil and can tolerate full sun to partial shade. It is hardy in USDA zones 5 to 7.
Abies koreana has been used in traditional Korean medicine for its anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. The tree also has cultural significance in South Korea, where it is sometimes used as a symbol of longevity and prosperity.