Abies cephalonica, also known as the Greek fir, is a species of coniferous tree belonging to the Pinaceae family. It is native to the mountains of Greece, where it is commonly found at elevations between 900 and 2300 meters above sea level.
The Greek fir is a tall tree, reaching heights of up to 35 meters, with a narrow, conical crown and a straight, cylindrical trunk. Its bark is grayish-brown and smooth when young, becoming rough and fissured with age. The leaves are needle-like, 2-4 cm long and dark green in color.
Abies cephalonica is an important tree species in Greece, both ecologically and economically. It provides habitat for a variety of animals, including birds and mammals, and is also used for timber and as a source of resin. However, the species is threatened by habitat loss due to logging and land conversion for agriculture and development.
Conservation efforts are underway to protect and preserve the Greek fir, including the establishment of protected areas and reforestation programs. The species is also listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.