Information about Abies balsamea

Abies balsamea, commonly known as balsam fir, is a species of fir native to eastern and central North America. It is a medium to large-sized evergreen tree that can grow up to 20-30 meters (65-100 feet) in height and 0.5-1.5 meters (1.5-5 feet) in trunk diameter.

Balsam fir is an important timber tree and is also used for ornamental purposes. Its needles are flat and about 2-3.5 centimeters (0.8-1.4 inches) long, with a blunt tip and two white stripes on the underside. The cones are cylindrical and about 5-10 centimeters (2-4 inches) long, with a greenish-brown color and a resinous aroma.

Balsam fir is widely distributed throughout the boreal forests of Canada and the northeastern United States. It is a shade-tolerant tree that grows in a variety of soil types, from acidic to alkaline, and is often found in wetlands or along riverbanks.

Balsam fir has a long history of use by indigenous peoples, who used its resin for medicinal and ceremonial purposes. The tree is also an important source of food and habitat for a variety of wildlife, including birds, squirrels, and deer.

In addition to its ecological and cultural importance, balsam fir is also used commercially for its wood, which is used in construction, pulp and paper production, and as a source of Christmas trees. Its essential oil is also used in aromatherapy and as a natural insect repellent