Abies alba, commonly known as the silver fir, is a species of coniferous tree native to Europe. It can grow up to 60 meters tall and has a straight trunk with a conical crown. The bark is smooth and grayish-brown when young, becoming thick and scaly with age.
The needles of Abies alba are flat, about 2-4 centimeters long, and have a bluish-green color. They are arranged spirally around the branches, and each needle has two white stripes on the underside. The cones are large, up to 20 centimeters long, and have a green or purple color when young, turning brown as they mature.
Silver firs are important timber trees, with wood that is light, strong, and easy to work with. They are also commonly used as Christmas trees, and their essential oils have medicinal properties and are used in aromatherapy. In addition, Abies alba is an important species for forest ecosystems, providing habitat for a variety of wildlife and playing a role in soil conservation and water regulation