Hinoki cypress - Chamaecyparis obtusa

Chamaecyparis obtusa, commonly known as Hinoki cypress or Japanese cypress, is a slow-growing evergreen tree native to Japan. It belongs to the family Cupressaceae and can grow up to 50 meters tall in its natural habitat, although it is more commonly found in gardens and parks as a smaller, ornamental tree.

Hinoki cypress has a distinctive pyramidal shape and dense foliage of short, flat needles that are a yellow-green color. The bark is reddish-brown and peels off in long, thin strips. The tree produces small, round cones that are approximately 1cm in diameter and a reddish-brown color.

In Japan, Hinoki cypress is highly prized for its fine-grained, rot-resistant wood, which is used in construction and furniture-making. It is also used in the production of traditional Japanese temples and shrines. Hinoki cypress has a pleasant aroma and is used in aromatherapy and perfumes.

Hinoki cypress is a hardy tree that can tolerate a range of soil types and temperatures. It prefers well-drained soil and partial shade, although it can also grow in full sun. It is relatively low-maintenance and does not require pruning, although it can benefit from occasional shaping. It is also resistant to pests and diseases.

In traditional Japanese culture, Hinoki cypress is associated with purity, elegance, and longevity. It is often planted in temple and shrine gardens and is considered a symbol of prosperity and good fortune.