Eriobotrya japonica, commonly known as the loquat tree, is a small evergreen tree or shrub that is native to China, but has been naturalized in many other parts of the world, including Japan, Korea, and the Mediterranean region.
The tree typically grows to a height of 10-20 feet (3-6 meters) and has broad, glossy green leaves that are 8-25 cm long and 5-15 cm wide. The tree produces fragrant white flowers in the fall or winter, which are followed by oval or pear-shaped fruits that are yellow to orange in color and have a sweet, tangy flavor. The fruits typically ripen in the spring or early summer.
The loquat tree is cultivated for its edible fruit, which can be eaten fresh or used in a variety of culinary applications, including jams, jellies, and baked goods. The leaves of the tree are also used in traditional medicine for their anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties.
The tree is relatively easy to grow and is tolerant of a wide range of soil types and climates, although it prefers well-draining soil and moderate temperatures. It can be propagated by seed or by grafting onto rootstock.
Overall, Eriobotrya japonica is a versatile and useful plant that has both culinary and medicinal applications.